Tobacco contains nicotine and smoking draws that nicotine into the body. Once in the bloodstream, it raises blood pressure, which affects the entire metabolism. In some ways, it is as powerful as cocaine, and can enter the placenta and breast milk of a pregnant woman. Even after quitting, it takes several days for the effect of nicotine to completely fade away.

Nicotine causes a feeling of euphoria in the brain that encourages more smoking. The body adapts to the level of nicotine, and requires more and more to produce the same euphoric feeling over time. This is why most smokers increase the number of cigarettes smoked per day.

Some sort of plan or quit-smoking program is a useful way to maintain commitment and motivation, even in the face of withdrawal symptoms. Once a good plan is found, it should be followed closely to finally get rid of the addiction.

Those who are trying to quit should learn what to expect in that first week after the last cigarette. This will help to adopt a strategy to deal with it when it happens, or to find help if necessary. It is best to be ready for any of the withdrawal symptoms, should they occur.

Some withdrawal symptoms may include:

Depression and frustration
Dizziness, lethargy, and headaches
Irritability and anxiety
Insomnia and restlessness
Dry mouth
Increased appetite

Any and all of these symptoms are very likely to make it more difficult to resist another cigarette. Foreknowledge of these effects may very well help to overcome them and keep focus. These symptoms should go away in a few days to a week, so just try to wait it out. It will become a little easier after that. Meditation is a common way to keep the craving at bay. Others use some form of diversion to keep the mind off of smoking. Water or even ice cream can help with a dry mouth.

A plan to deal with the physical addiction is very important. The body will be used to nicotine, so the craving for it through cigarettes will be strong. Since nicotine raises the blood sugar level, appetite will increase, especially for sweets. Try fruit juices to ease these pangs. Sometimes medical help is good to seek, as well.

Dealing with the mental addiction is also important, and it begins by realizing what triggers the urge to smoke. Counseling can help with this, both in identifying the mental triggers, and in learning how to deal with them. Once the source of frustration that leads to cigarette smoking is dealt with, the mental addiction to cigarettes can likewise be eliminated.

Avoid friends that smoke and places that encourage smoking. Build up a support group of non-smokers to help with the difficult times, or consider joining a support group and meet other people who are engaged in a quit-smoking plan.

If you would like more information on how to Stop Smoking, please visit our website Stop Smoking Guide

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